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Irish Historic Towns Atlas in third-level education: printed and pdfs

06 October 2020

In the Royal Irish Academy's educational resources series, Ruth McManus (Dublin City University) discusses how the printed Irish Historic Towns Atlas and IHTA Online can be used in third-level geography. 

The RIA’s IHTA print and online versions offer many resources both for the novice and more experienced map user. Within the geography discipline, we encourage students to understand the meanings behind the maps, viewing them both as sources of information but also as artefacts in their own right. With this in mind, where possible, we give our geography students the opportunity to physically handle and familiarise themselves with the different maps in the printed atlases, using the scholarship set*. However, the online resources, accessible via IHTA Digital also provide readily-accessible teaching materials which are of particular value in current circumstances.

Click image for the full version Origins of towns map. 

A simple task for 1st year human geography students is to explore the Origin of Irish Towns map on the IHTA website. Following a series of lectures examining the shaping of the Irish landscape since humans first arrived, we now ask when did people first begin to live in towns? Pairs or small groups confer to examine the map and address a range of questions:

  • Where are the earliest towns?
  • What are the most common town origins?
  • Are there any patterns?
  • Are there any problems or issues with the map, how reliable is it?
  • What does it tell them about the origin of their home town?
  • What surprises them about the map?

To supplement the map activity, students can then be directed to the relevant chapters of Reading the Maps: a guide to the Irish Historic Towns Atlas by Jacinta Prunty and H.B. Clarke, which can be accessed from the same webpage. This is an invaluable resource which enables the students to delve deeper, includes questions and offers many suggestions for development. For a very quick overview, however, the brief essays on each town type are an ideal starting point. In each case, experts provide their ‘take’, complete with illustrations from the atlas series: e.g. sample above on The town in the eighteenth century by Colm Lennon or see 'Monastic Town' by Anngret Simms here

Bandon 1841

The core maps provided in the online (or hardcopy) version of the atlas, are an ideal tool for building map-reading skills while also examining change through time. This exercise can be undertaken with any town (or even with each team member looking at a different town and comparing their findings), but in this case I have used No. 3 Bandon to explore continuity and change in the landscape, asking what does this tell us about changing society? Students are asked to compare Map 2 (1841) (above) and Map 3 (1938) (below) to identify as many changes over that time period as possible, including infrastructure, industrial activity, housing, evidence of leisure etc. A supplementary activity asks them to identify key features shown on Map 3 (1938) in the present day landscape, using Google StreetView. Where the printed atlas is available, this activity can also draw on the other illustrations which include (depending on the atlas) beautifully reproduced paintings and aerial photographs, all of which provide different insights into the evolving landscape and streetscape.

Bandon 1938

Final year students tracing the evolution of a Dublin street through time draw on the IHTA in combination with a range of other sources. To begin, they consult Map 25 (No. 26, Dublin Part III, 1756 to 1847) which shows the different growth phases of the city.

Dublin Growth to 1847

Street samples

Thereafter, the Topographical Information comes into its own – holding clues as to the earliest mentions of the street, which maps to interrogate further, any name changes to be aware of, and other relevant information about land-use etc. The Atlas is a vital first step on their journey of discovery.

To access IHTA Online, (first 27 IHTAs in pdf format) click here

To access the Digital Atlases, (Derry~Londonderry, Galway, Dungarvan) click here

*For more on the scholarship set, please contact s.gearty@ria.ie

Ruth McManus, School of History and Geography, Dublin City University is author of IHTA Dublin suburbs, Drumcondra (forthcoming). 

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